Role: Pharmaceutical Chemist and Technologist
a) Work carried out by graduates in PCT in the Pharmaceutical, Cosmetic and Dietary Industries:
- design and synthesis of active ingredients;
- industrial production of medicines;
- formulation, production, packaging;
- control of quality, stability and toxicological evaluation of cosmetic and dietetic products;
- development and validation of analytical methods both of the raw materials used and of the final product alone or in formulation as well as in complex matrices;
- physical and biophysical characterization of excipients and active ingredients; research and development of new pharmaceutical forms, with particular regard to nanotechnologies;
- development and validation of in vitro models;
- production and control of medical instruments and medical-surgical devices;
- preparation of regulatory documents;
- supervision of company production activities and control of medicines, cosmetics, dietetic-food products;
- correct maintenance of documentation related to drugs and laboratories;
- responsibility for the quality of the product on the market;
- management of one or more departments, with responsibilities ranging from the operators, the machinery to maintenance costs;
- guarantee of the expected production volume, meeting quality and safety standards.
b) Work carried out PCT graduates in Laboratories which control medicines and health products:
- control of medicines and drugs also in non-simple matrices;
- development of analytical techniques and quality control methods; chemical, physical and micro-biological analysis of raw materials, intermediates, active properties, finished pharmaceutical products, cosmetics and dietary foods and packaging materials;
- collection and drafting of data relating to the QC, drafting of specific company reports;
- staff training regarding the technical aspects of quality;
- management of sampling plans, definition of specifications, preparation of reference materials, maintenance of instrument calibration, validation procedures, stability studies;
- relationships with certification institutions.
c) Work for pharmacovigilance, clinical monitoring and registration Institutions:
- collection, processing, updating and reporting-dissemination, in accordance with current regulations, of all information relating to the safety of pharmaceutical products (side effects, misuse, abuse, toxicity indicators, biomarkers);
- supervision of progress in clinical trials to guarantee that they are carried out and registered in compliance with the study protocol, the standard operating procedures (SOP), the GCP (Good Clinical Practice) and the applicable regulatory norms;
- qualitative and quantitative analysis of drugs and metabolites in biological fluids;
- supervision of authorization procedures for the sales of products of pharmaceutical companies (preparation of documentation pertaining to AIC applications, interface between company and ministerial examiners).
d) Work in pharmacies on national territory after obtaining a professional licence (legitimized in accordance with the Directive 85/432 EEC, regarding the profession of Pharmacist):
- preparation, control, storage and distribution of medicines in hospital pharmacies and ones open to the public;
- preparation of the pharmaceutical ingredients of medicinal products; manufacture and control of medicinal products;
- analysis and control of medicines and health products;
- storage, conservation and distribution of medicines at wholesale level;
- preparation, control, storage and distribution of medicines in hospitals;
- dissemination of information and advice on medicines and health products.
e) Work in the local Pharmaceutical Services of the National Health Service:
- oversees the correct functioning of the service and pharmaceutical assistance of the affiliated pharmacies;
- monitors the pharmaceutical prescription and the development of pharmacovigilance activities;
- promotes the dissemination of information and documentation regarding medicines and activities aimed at rationalizing the consumption of medicines;
- collaborates in the definition and planning of processes aimed at improving pharmaceutical assistance.
f) Work for PCT graduates in Secondary Schools:
Teaching of the basic chemical, biological and scientific subjects, once graduates have obtained enough credits in the SSDs required by law to take part in secondary school education job selections.
Skills: PCT graduates know the composition, chemical structure, pharmacological, toxicological and technological properties of the active ingredients contained in synthetic medicines or of natural or biotechnological products;
have transversal skills in the qualitative and quantitative analysis of drugs;
have transversal skills in the chemical and biological control of raw materials used in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic and dietary fields;
have skills to make and dispense the magistral and pharmaceutical preparations of medicines;
have transversal skills to conduct theoretical and experimental research in the academic, industrial and scientific fields in order to expand and innovate scientific knowledge or its application in the production sector;
have transversal skills in the management of pharmacovigilance;
have transversal skills to increase scientific knowledge in the pharmaceutical field, to use and transfer this knowledge to industry, medicine, pharmacology and other production sectors;
have transversal skills in providing information and documentation regarding drugs to the population and to health personnel;
possess expertise in pharmaceutical chemistry, technology and pharmaceutical legislation, pathology, pharmacology, pharmacotherapy and toxicology enabling them to inspect pharmacies;
possess the transversal skills necessary to acquire a post-graduate specialization in Hospital Pharmacy;
have transversal communicative-relational, organizational-managerial and planning skills, in accordance with the level of autonomy and responsibility required, with the organizational and work modalities adopted and with the main interlocutors (colleagues, other professionals and public and/or private clients);
have developed self-learning and continuous updating skills.
Professional opportunities: Due to their solid theoretical and practical background, PCT graduates can work in the chemical pharmaceutical industries, cosmetic and dietary industries, laboratories for the control of medicines and health products, and in local pharmaceutical services of the National Health Service
In particular, employment opportunities include:
- The chemical-pharmaceutical industry
- Public and private research centres
- Study centres involved in toxicological and environmental detection
- Authorities responsible for the preparation of technical regulations and/or quality certification
- Centres responsible for pharmacovigilance (industry, ASL, Ministry of Health, Regions), and clinical monitoring (pharmaceutical companies, Clinical Research Organization (CRO))
- Pharmaceutical laboratories
- Cosmetics industry
- Dietary-food industry
- Diagnostic products industry
- The National Health Service
- Private or public pharmacies
- Commercial enterprises involving the sale of medicines without prescription, hospital pharmacies and ASL pharmaceutical services, intermediate distributors (wholesalers and depositaries)
- Teacher in secondary schools if graduates have obtained enough credits in the SSD required by law to participate in secondary education.
To work as a Pharmacist, graduates must obtain their professional licence, in accordance with the Directive 85/432 EEC.
To work as a Chemist, section A professional register, graduates must obtain their professional licence, in accordance with Presidential Decree 3285 of June 5, 2001.
Graduates can continue their academic studies in the following ways:
2 Specialization schools
3 II level Master
4 Access to the FIT (initial training and internship for secondary school teachers), having previously obtained the credits required in accordance with current legislation.
The training projects activated through SOUL have made it possible for our students to interface directly with the world of work and this emerges above all from the analysis of the organizations that have joined the project, consisting mainly of Pharmaceutical Companies. These enterprises, which represent the main professional outlet for Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology graduates, have expressed positive opinions towards our students concerning their cultural preparation in the pharmaceutical sciences.
Regarding this experience to date with our students of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology in their internships, companies have repeatedly expressed their full satisfaction, which over the years has increased the opportunities for internships for our students. An increase that is evident in the following data:
Year 2012: 48 training projects activated, of which 9 for new graduates, 39 for students preparing their dissertations, 27 from the degree course in Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology.
Year 2013: 76 training projects activated, of which 10 for new graduates, 66 for students preparing their dissertations, 39 from the degree course in Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology.
Year 2014: 89 training projects activated, of which 15 for new graduates, 64 for students preparing their dissertations, 52 from the degree course in Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology.
Year 2015: 100 training projects activated, of which 9 for new graduates, 81 for students preparing their dissertations, 55 from the degree course in Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology.
Year 2016: 81training projects activated for the degree course in Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology, of which 12 for new graduates and 69 for students preparing their dissertations.
Year 2017: 54 training projects activated for the degree course in Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology, of which 6 for new graduates and 48 for students preparing their dissertations.
Year 2018 (until February 2018): 16training projects activated for the degree course in Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology, of which 2 for new graduates and 14 for students preparing their dissertations.
In 2018, consultations with the Companies in the territory were initiated through the administration of a questionnaire sent to the organizations by e-mail, whose content concerns a judgment of the training project regarding the description of the professional figures (and related functions, skills and employment opportunities ) of the Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology graduates together with the expected learning outcomes.
Organizations were asked whether the preparation of the students met the company's expectations, if they consider the initial skills possessed by the trainees were adequate in order to participate in the traineeship, if the trainees demonstrate/demonstrated an ability to work in groups, if they demonstrate/demonstrated the ability to use the preliminary knowledge they had already acquired in the working environment, if they demonstrate/demonstrated the ability to apply a functional methodology to the resolution of problems, and finally if the organizations consider repeating the training experience with other students of the degree course Degree in Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology.
The analysis of the answers to these questionnaires obtained so far (6 out of 23) highlight a very good correspondence between the training plan of the degree course and the knowledge required by companies, with an extremely positive opinion expressed by the interviewees, and in some cases highlights the areas to be explored and the knowledge to be implemented for a even greater relevance of the training provided in the degree course to match the needs of the working world.
A "Steering Committee" has also been set up, a commission composed of both teachers and representatives of the world of work, which monitors the adequacy of the professional profile formed by the degree programme, also in relation to subsequent study cycles.
The members are as follows:
Prof. Rossella Fioravanti
Prof. Daniela Secci
Prof. Antonello Mai
Prof. Claudio Villani
Prof. Maura Palmery
Prof. Marco Tripodi
Dr. Antonino Annetta (Representative of the Order of Pharmacists of Rome)
Dr. Sara Ruggieri (Head of Pharmacovigilance IBI-Lorenzini)
Dr. Stefano Di Manno (Qualified Person / Quality Director ITC Farma)
Dott.ssa Eugenia Cogliandro (Medication Authorization Area, AIFA)