Objectives

Understanding of the general mechanisms of damage to the organism and inflammatory response;
The etiopathogenesis of fundamental alterations of the structures, functions and control mechanisms at various levels of integration of the body systems;
Understanding the fundamental principles of immune response; defensive aspects and possible pathological consequences;
Understanding the molecular basis of oncology; etiopathogenesis of neoplastic transformation, progression to malignancy and metastasis.
Understanding of the general pathogenic and pathophysiological mechanisms of diseases with particular reference to human diseases of wider diffusion and social impact;
General objectives
The main educational purpose of the General Pathology course is to transfer the knowledge on the biological basis of diseases in humans.
The course aims to provide skills related to the fundamental principles of etiology and pathogenesis by providing basic knowledge to make the students able to address the study of the main biological chemical and physical pathogenic factors active on the human organism and of the etiopathogenetic mechanisms responsible for the alterations of the homeostasis at the base of the diseases, development and progression of pathological events.
A further purpose is represented by the acquisition of the fundamental and common elements of medical terminology.
Specific objectives
The main knowledge provided will be:
- The basic elements and principles of etiopathogenesis and disease determinism;
- Knowledge of pathological manifestations at the molecular and cellular level, as well as on the tissues, organs, systems and systems of the human organism;
- The study of the pathophysiological processes of the main systems;
- The fundamentals of the immune system and its role in the defense against disease and in the determinism of pathological processes.
The main skills of the student, applicable to the acquired knowledge, will be:
- Knowledge of the main etiological causes of the disease, as well as the scientific-experimental methodologies to understand the etiopathogenetic mechanisms;
- Critical analysis and evaluation of pathological processes;
- The acquired knowledge of the etiopathogenetic determinism of diseases and the adequate knowledge of medical terminology allows to understand drugs mechanisms of action providing the ability to communicate with doctors and others health workers and the ability to deepen the study independently.

Channels

NESSUNA CANALIZZAZIONE

ORIETTA GANDINI ORIETTA GANDINI   Teacher profile

Programme

Introduction to pathology. Health and Disease. Etiology and pathogenesis.
Cellular pathology.
Atrophy, hypertrophy, hyperplasia, dysplasia. Necrosis and apoptosis.
INFLAMMATION
The acute inflammatory reaction. The vascular response. The inflammatory exudate. The chemical mediators of acute inflammation. Local sequelae of acute inflammation. Systemic manifestations of inflammation. Fever.
Chronic inflammation. Classification of chronic inflammation. Granulomatous inflammation. Reaction of tissue to inflammation: repair-healing, regeneration and scarring
IMMUNOPATHOLOGY
Hypersensitivity. Autoimmune diseases.
NEOPLASIA
Characteristics of tumors. Benign and malignant tumors. Classification. Biology of the neoplastic cell. The aetiology of tumors. Mechanisms of oncogenesis . Oncogenes. Tumor suppressor genes. Tumor markers. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
Disorders of the blood
The anemias. The haemorrhagic diseases. Pathophysiology of haemostasis.
Disorders of the circulation. Hypertension and hypotension. Thrombosis. Embolism. Ischemia. Infarction. Shock
Diseases of arteries Atherosclerosis. Aneurisms.
Diseases of the heart .Cardiopathy: angina pectoris. Heart failure. Myocardial infarction.
Diseases of the liver: Acute and chronic hepatitis. Cirrhosis of the liver. Bile formation and jaundice. Epatocellular failure. Acute and chronic cholecystitis. Gallstones
Diseases of the endocrine glands
Thyroid disorders. Goitre. Hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism.
Adrenal gland disorders. Diabetes mellitus.
Diseases of the kidney
Nephritic and nephrotic syndrome. Renal and urinary tract infection. Nephrolithiasis. Acute and chronic renal failure.
Diseases of the respiratory system
Respiratory failure. Pneumonia. Bronchopneumonia. Edema of the lungs. Chronic bronchitis, emphysema and bronchial asthma.

Adopted texts

G.M. Pontieri, M. Russo e L. Frati: Patologia Generale e fisiopatologia generale. Piccin
F. Celotti: Patologia generale e Fisiopatologia. Edises

Prerequisites

Knowledge of general physiology, biochemistry and human anatomy is useful for the understanding of the course contents and the achievement of the learning objectives.

Study modes

The didactic model adopted consists of lectures with the use of slides in PowerPoint as a telematic support. The frequency of the course is optional even if strongly recommended

Exam modes

The examination consists in the oral discussion of topics explained through the course. The attendance at lessons, the reasoning skills and the ability to present the topics in a critical and exhaustive way will be considered for the final evaluation. The oral examination is scheduled at the end of the course.

Exam reservation date start Exam reservation date end Exam date
30/12/2018 20/01/2019 22/01/2019
01/01/2019 14/02/2019 15/02/2019
09/04/2019 15/04/2019 16/04/2019
01/06/2019 19/06/2019 20/06/2019
01/07/2019 10/07/2019 11/07/2019
01/09/2019 23/09/2019 24/09/2019
26/09/2019 16/10/2019 17/10/2019
21/10/2019 14/11/2019 15/11/2019
21/10/2019 19/12/2019 20/12/2019
17/12/2019 16/01/2020 17/01/2020

MARIA HELENA STABILE MARIA HELENA STABILE   Teacher profile

Programme

Introduction to pathology. Health and Disease. Etiology and pathogenesis.
Cellular pathology.
Atrophy, hypertrophy, hyperplasia, dysplasia. Necrosis and apoptosis.
INFLAMMATION
The acute inflammatory reaction. The vascular response. The inflammatory exudate. The chemical mediators of acute inflammation. Local sequelae of acute inflammation. Systemic manifestations of inflammation. Fever.
Chronic inflammation. Classification of chronic inflammation. Granulomatous inflammation. Reaction of tissue to inflammation: repair-healing, regeneration and scarring
IMMUNOPATHOLOGY
Hypersensitivity. Autoimmune diseases.
NEOPLASIA
Characteristics of tumors. Benign and malignant tumors. Classification. Biology of the neoplastic cell. The aetiology of tumors. Mechanisms of oncogenesis . Oncogenes. Tumor suppressor genes. Tumor markers. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
Disorders of the blood
The anemias. The haemorrhagic diseases. Pathophysiology of haemostasis.
Disorders of the circulation. Hypertension and hypotension. Thrombosis. Embolism. Ischemia. Infarction. Shock
Diseases of arteries Atherosclerosis. Aneurisms.
Diseases of the heart .Cardiopathy: angina pectoris. Heart failure. Myocardial infarction.
Diseases of the liver: Acute and chronic hepatitis. Cirrhosis of the liver. Bile formation and jaundice. Epatocellular failure. Acute and chronic cholecystitis. Gallstones
Diseases of the endocrine glands
Thyroid disorders. Goitre. Hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism.
Adrenal gland disorders. Diabetes mellitus.
Diseases of the kidney
Nephritic and nephrotic syndrome. Renal and urinary tract infection. Nephrolithiasis. Acute and chronic renal failure.
Diseases of the respiratory system
Respiratory failure. Pneumonia. Bronchopneumonia. Edema of the lungs. Chronic bronchitis, emphysema and bronchial asthma.

Adopted texts

G.M. Pontieri, M. Russo e L. Frati: Patologia Generale e fisiopatologia generale. Piccin
F. Celotti: Patologia generale e Fisiopatologia. Edises

Prerequisites

Knowledge of general physiology, biochemistry and human anatomy is useful for the understanding of the course contents and the achievement of the learning objectives.

Study modes

The didactic model adopted consists of lectures with the use of slides in PowerPoint as a telematic support. The frequency of the course is optional even if strongly recommended

Exam modes

The examination consists in the oral discussion of topics explained through the course. The attendance at lessons, the reasoning skills and the ability to present the topics in a critical and exhaustive way will be considered for the final evaluation. The oral examination is scheduled at the end of the course.

MARELLA MARODER MARELLA MARODER   Teacher profile

Programme

Introduction to pathology. Health and Disease. Etiology and pathogenesis.
Cellular pathology.
Atrophy, hypertrophy, hyperplasia, dysplasia. Necrosis and apoptosis.
INFLAMMATION
The acute inflammatory reaction. The vascular response. The inflammatory exudate. The chemical mediators of acute inflammation. Local sequelae of acute inflammation. Systemic manifestations of inflammation. Fever.
Chronic inflammation. Classification of chronic inflammation. Granulomatous inflammation. Reaction of tissue to inflammation: repair-healing, regeneration and scarring
IMMUNOPATHOLOGY
Hypersensitivity. Autoimmune diseases.
NEOPLASIA
Characteristics of tumors. Benign and malignant tumors. Classification. Biology of the neoplastic cell. The aetiology of tumors. Mechanisms of oncogenesis . Oncogenes. Tumor suppressor genes. Tumor markers. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
Disorders of the blood
The anemias. The haemorrhagic diseases. Pathophysiology of haemostasis.
Disorders of the circulation. Hypertension and hypotension. Thrombosis. Embolism. Ischemia. Infarction. Shock
Diseases of arteries Atherosclerosis. Aneurisms.
Diseases of the heart .Cardiopathy: angina pectoris. Heart failure. Myocardial infarction.
Diseases of the liver: Acute and chronic hepatitis. Cirrhosis of the liver. Bile formation and jaundice. Epatocellular failure. Acute and chronic cholecystitis. Gallstones
Diseases of the endocrine glands
Thyroid disorders. Goitre. Hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism.
Adrenal gland disorders. Diabetes mellitus.
Diseases of the kidney
Nephritic and nephrotic syndrome. Renal and urinary tract infection. Nephrolithiasis. Acute and chronic renal failure.
Diseases of the respiratory system
Respiratory failure. Pneumonia. Bronchopneumonia. Edema of the lungs. Chronic bronchitis, emphysema and bronchial asthma.

Adopted texts

G.M. Pontieri, M. Russo e L. Frati: Patologia Generale e fisiopatologia generale. Piccin
F. Celotti: Patologia generale e Fisiopatologia. Edises

Prerequisites

Knowledge of general physiology, biochemistry and human anatomy is useful for the understanding of the course contents and the achievement of the learning objectives.

Study modes

The didactic model adopted consists of lectures with the use of slides in PowerPoint as a telematic support. The frequency of the course is optional even if strongly recommended.

Exam modes

The examination consists in the oral discussion of topics explained through the course. The attendance at lessons, the reasoning skills and the ability to present the topics in a critical and exhaustive way will be considered for the final evaluation. The oral examination is scheduled at the end of the course.

Course sheet
  • Academic year: 2018/2019
  • Curriculum: SCIENZE ERBORISTICHE
  • Year: Second year
  • Semester: Second semester
  • SSD: MED/04
  • CFU: 6
Activities
  • Attività formative caratterizzanti
  • Ambito disciplinare: Discipline Mediche
  • Lecture (Hours): 48
  • CFU: 6.00
  • SSD: MED/04