Ritratto di fabio.gianfrancesco@uniroma1.it

Architettura del paesaggio - Landscape Architecture


M-FIL/04 – Landscape Aesthetics, Fall Term 2023-2024 - 6 ECTS (CFU)


M 3:00 pm - 5:30 pm / Tr 8:30 am - 11:00 am, room G43


Office hours: Tr 11:00 - 12:00 and by appointment


***ANNOUNCEMENT***  next exams session will take place from Thursday, 02/22 at 9.30 a.m., room G43, Gianturco Building





Short Description: This course will investigate some of the central questions of Modern and Contemporary Aesthetics, with special reference to Architecture’s cultural environment and to the behavioral, anthropological, and political issues arising at the intersection between Aesthetics and Urban Design. Particularly considering the Phenomenological perspective in philosophy, the crucial role of a perception of the landscapes - especially of the ones deeply modified if not compromised by human intervention - will be deepened at first considering the psychological impact, as described and analyzed by Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Kurt Lewin and finally broadening how different perspectives, both in contemporary Philosophy and Architecture’s theories, take in account the social implications for the current shaping of urban forms-of-life.


Outcome Statement: Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the main philosophical questions in the area of contemporary Phenomenological Aesthetics. Particularly, a comprehension of the historical and conceptual development of the topics will permit to understand the turning of the meaning of Landscape itself through a brief exposure of the History of the theories of perception and to articulate some of the main problems and responses central to this area of philosophy, as well as a motivating perspective on the role of Aesthetics in Architecture and Design nowadays.


Required Readings:


  • Introductive handout to Aesthetics provided by the Instructor (also containing excerpts from Plato’s Theaetetus, Aristotle’s Metaphysics and I. Kant’s Critique of the Power of Judgment et alia)
  • D. Scarso, Steven Holl: Architecture and Phenomenology in “Chiasmi International” vol.9, “Architecture and other Institutions of Life”, Paris/Milano/University Park: Vrin/Mimesis/Penn State University Press, 2007, pp. 19-20
  • S. Holl, The Crisscrossing in “Chiasmi International” vol.9, “Architecture and other Institutions of Life”, Paris/Milano/University Park: Vrin/Mimesis/Penn State University Press, 2009, pp. 21-24  
  • M. Merleau-Ponty, Phenomenology of Perception [trans. by Colin Smith], London/New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1978 (Introduction: Chapters 1 "The ‘Sensation’ as a Unit of Experience", 2 "‘Association’ and the ‘Projection of Memories’", 3 "‘Attention’ and ‘Judgement’"; Part I: "Experience and Objective Thought. The Problem of the Body", Excerpt of Chapter 3 "The Spatiality of One’s own Body and Motility" (pp. 150-154); Part II, Chapter 2 “The Space”).
  • M. Merleau-Ponty, “Cezanne’s doubt”, in Sense and Non-Sense [trans. by Hubert Dreyfus and Patricia Allen Dreyfus], Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1964.  
  • K. Lewin, The Landscape of War, [trans. by Jonathan Blower], in “Art in Translation” , no. 2: 199–209.
  • H. Lefebvre, Right to the City, in Writing on Cities [trans. and ed. by Eleonore Kofman and Elizabeth Lebas] Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2000.
  • K. Lynch, The Image of the City, Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1960
  • R. Koolhaas, Delirious New York. A Retroactive Manifesto for Manhattan, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978.  
  • J. Butler, Frames of War. When Life is Grievable?, London: Verso, 2009.


Course Procedures: The whole course will be held, where possible, through live lectures, and will be taught in English, as well as for the evaluation methods required. Referring to this latter, students will be required to sustain written tests and will be finally examined by the instructor in an oral exam at the end of the Course. Attendance will be considered mandatory and also in case of motivated exceptions it will be strongly encouraged. Under no circumstances a positive outcome will be reached without an attentive reading of the required texts.

Insegnamento Codice Anno Corso - Frequentare Bacheca
LANDSCAPE AESTHETICS 10595869 2022/2023
LANDSCAPE AESTHETICS 10595869 2021/2022
LANDSCAPE AESTHETICS 10595869 2020/2021

On Appointment

Fabio Gianfrancesco


01/10/2020 Present. Adjunct Professor at Sapienza Università di Roma, Dipartimento di Architettura e Progetto; Landscape Aesthetics Course.

10/01/2017 06/05/2020 Adjunct Professor at St. John s University of New York Rome Campus; Metaphysics and Ethics courses.

01/10/2018 30/09/2019 Tutoring in Aesthetics at Department of philosophy of «Sapienza» Università di Roma, member of examinations committee, Supervisor: Prof. Daniele Guastini.

20/01/2011 20/07/2018 Tutoring in Practical Philosophy Department of Philosophy of «Sapienza» Università di Roma, member of examinations committee and advisor for B.A. and M.A. dissertations, Supervisor: Prof. Paolo Vinci, (2010-2018).


01/11/2012 16/02/2018 PhD in Philosophy and History of Philosophy, achieved through an international partnership, and awarded both by Université Paris Nanterre (Département de Philosophie - Laboratoire Sophiapol) and by «Sapienza» Università di Roma (Dipartimento di Fiosofia); Dissertation: Natura, cultura, storia. L ontologia espressiva di Maurice Merleau-Ponty. (Nature, culture, histoire. L ontologie expressive de Maurice Merleau-Ponty) [Nature, culture, history. The expressive ontology of Maurice Merleau-Ponty]. Supervisors: Paolo Vinci (Associate Professor, «Sapienza» Università di Roma), Pietro Montani (Full Professor, «Sapienza» Università di Roma), Judith Revel (Full Professor, Université Paris Nanterre).

24/02/2015 07/04/2015 Visiting Scholar at Columbia University in the City of New York (Department of Philosophy), under the direction of Taylor Carman (Professor at Barnard College of Columbia University).

05/11/2007 14/12/2010 M.A. (Laurea Specialistica) in Philosophy and Critical Studies (110/110 cum Laude). Thesis: Per una geografia dell espressione. L ontologia della differenza di Maurice Merleau-Ponty [For a geography of expression. The ontology of difference of Maurice Merleau-ponty]. Supervisors: Paolo Virno (Associate Professor, Università degli Studi Roma3), Paolo Vinci (Associate Professor, «Sapienza» Università di Roma).

05/11/2002 07/07/2007 B.A. (Laurea Triennale) in Philosophy (110/110 cum Laude) Supervisors: Paolo Vinci (Associate Professor, «Sapienza» Università di Roma), Pietro Montani (Full Professor, «Sapienza» Università di Roma).


2010 present Member of the Editorial Board of the Scientific Journal (Peer Review Class A) «Polémos Materiali di filosofia e critica sociale».

2020 present Member of the Architecture and Aesthetics research team on affective spaces TrAUM», Department of Architecture of «Sapienza» Università di Roma. Coordinator of the field research/case study on S.Lorenzo district in Rome.

2014 present. Member of the laboratory for political research «Euronomade».

2005 present Founder and member of «Libera Università Metropolitana» (Roma).

2017 Founder and member of collective of research and Marxist studies «C17».


Chapters in books

2021 «Gatherings. Politics and visibility beyond the contemporary urban phantasmagorias», in F. De Matteis and S. Catucci (edited by) The Affective City. Spaces, atmospheres and practices in changing urban territories, LetteraVentidue, Siracusa, forthcoming.

2018 «Confine/frontiera. Letteratura, miti, idee» [Border/frontier. Literature, myths, ideas], in E. Giordana (edited by) Sconfinate. Terre di confine e storie di frontiera, Rosenberg & Sellier, Torino, with T.Morawski, [ISBN: 9788878856035].

Participation to collective works

2012 «Do the right thing. 11 thesis on the conflict to come and the world to invent. 11 thesis on the conflict to come and the world to invent», Roma, LUM/Istituto Svizzero di Roma (ISR), con A. Illuminati, P. Virno et alia.

Editing of collective works

2018 Editing of the book Il manifesto comunista by F. Engels et K. Marx, Ponte alle Grazie, Roma, [ISBN:

2017 (with G. Carbone) Editing of the Scientific Journal (peer-reviewed) P lemos, «Che cos'è la Teologia Politica» [What is Political Theology?], n° 2 (New Series), Roma, Stamen, [ISBN: 9788899871505].

2014 (with M. Capasso) Editing of the Scientific Journal P lemos, «L immagine possibile. Teoria e prassi dell immaginazione» [The possible image. Theory and Praxis of imagination], n° 5-6, Roma, Stamen, [ISBN: 9788898697243].

2009 Editing of the book Le passioni della crisi [The passions of the crisis], and within introductive note to the essay «Amore» [Love] by M. Hardt and A. Negri, Roma, manifestolibri, [ISBN: 9788872854716].

2008 Editing of the book Lessico Marxiano [Marxian lexicon], and within the introductive note to the essay «Storia» [History] by A. Illuminati, Roma, manifestolibri, [ISBN: 9788872855201].

Main Articles and Essays

2017 «Sulla Teologia Politica. Dallo Stato Moderno al paradigma politico contemporaneo, dialogo con Carlo Galli» [On Political Theology. From the Modern State to the contemporary political paradigm, dialogue with Carlo Galli], in the Scientific Journal (peer-reviewed) P lemos, n° 8, Roma, Stamen, with G. Carbone, [ISBN: 9788899871505].

2014 «La facoltà propriamente umana. Appunti sullo schematismo e le sue conseguenze antropologiche» [The properly human faculty. Notes on the schematism and its anthropological consequences], in the Scientific Journal P lemos, n° 5-6, Roma, Stamen,, with T. Morawski, [ISBN: 9788898697243].

2011 «Il senso storico della fenomenologia. Appunti sulle riflessioni di Lyotard» [The historical sense of Phenomenology. Notes on Lyotard reflections], in the Scientific Journal P lemos, n° 4-5, Roma, Stamen, [ISBN: 9788890413650].

2009 L università che vogliamo» [The University we want], in Micromega, Roma, Gruppo Editoriale l Espresso, [ISBN: 9788883712456].


2019 Speaker invited at «CrossCuts», International Environmental Humanities Festival for Film & Text organized by Department of Environmental History of Stockholm Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), with Saskia Sassen et alia.

2016 Speaker invited at the Colloque International «Merleau-Ponty Politique», International conference organized by Emmanuel Alloa and Judith Revel, with Etienne Bimbenet, Pierre Macherey, Emmanuel de Saint Aubert et alia, Université Paris Nanterre / Columbia Global Center, Reid Hall, Paris.

2016 Researcher invited at the cycle of conferences «Ways of Seeing», speaker at the seminar «Montages: film, video art, and critical aesthetics. Historical and philosophical approaches», with Emmanuel Alloa, Pietro Montani et alia.

2016 Speaker invited at philosophy seminar organized by Paolo Vinci: «Divenire economico della

Teologia Politica: il concetto di secolarizzazione da Carl Schmitt a Giorgio Agamben» [Becoming economical of Political Theology: the concept of secularization from Carl Schmitt to Giorgio Agamben], Department of Philosophy, Sapienza Università di Roma.

2015 Speaker invited at philosophy course held by Michael Hardt: «The Concept of Cooperation. Marxist Tradition and Contemporaries Perspectives: ESC an italian case studies», Duke University (in video conference).

2015 Keynote Speaker at the conference «Roma Interrotta / Berlin: a green archipelago», organized by Simone Capra (stARTT Architecture Studio), with Pippo Ciorra (Senior Curator at MAXXI, Roma); Gabriele Mastrigli (Università di Camerino), Department of Architecture, Università Roma Tre.


2019 «Luoghi Comuni 2. Geografie della città tra estetica, politica e studi urbani», giornata di studio con Federico De Matteis, Alfonso Giancotti, Stefano Velotti et alia, Sapienza Università di Roma, Dipartimento di Filosofia.

2019 «Etica della cura, Politiche della vulnerabilita. Sull antropologia politica di Judith Butler» [Care Ethics, Vulnerability Politics. On Judith Butler s Political anthropology], seminar with Guelfo Carbone, Stefano Catucci, Davide Tarizzo and Paolo Vinci, Istituto italiani di Studi Filosofici Scuola Romana (IISF).

2018 «Luoghi Comuni. Geografie della città tra estetica, politica e studi urbani», giornate di studi internazionali con Giorgio De Finis, Hou Hanru, Salvatore Iaconesi Mario Neve, Oriana Persico, Cesare Pietroiusti, Stefano Velotti et alia, Sapienza Università di Roma, Dipartimento di Filosofia.

2018 «Nella maschera della modernita: teologia politica, istituzioni, e conflitti» [In the Mask of Modernity: political theology, institutions and conflicts], International conference with Carlo Galli, Daniele Guastini, Gaetano Lettieri, Sigrid Weigel et alia, Istituto Italiano di Studi Germanici, Roma.

2017 «C17 La conferenza di Roma sul Comunismo» [C17 Rome Conference on Communism]. International conference with Etienne Balibar, Bruno Boostels, Roberto Finelli, Micheal Hardt, Marcel Van der Linden, Antonio Negri, Jacques Rancière, Saskia Sassen, Mario Tronti, Paolo Virno et alia, ESC atelier autogestito / Galleria Nazionale d arte Moderna, Roma.

2015 «Cinema and History Time, Memory, Identity in the Images of the New Millenium», with Marco Bellocchio, David Forgacs, Pietro Montani, Noa Stiemasky, Ettore Scola et alia, Università di Roma Tre.

2014 «Che cosa significa usare?» [What does it mean to use?], with Giorgio Agamben et alia, LUM, Roma.

2010 «Il valore linguistico tra Marx e Saussure» [The Linguistic value between Marx and Saussure], with Paolo Virno et alia, Sapienza Università di Roma, Department of Philosophy.

2009 «Il diritto alla decisione politica Il concetto di democrazia in Spinoza» [The right to the political decision The concept of democracy in Spinoza], with Laurent Bove et alia, Sapienza Università di Roma, Department of Philosophy, (2009).

2008 «Dal discorso sul corpo alle sperimentazioni del corpo: per una filosofia dei modi di vita» [From the speach about the body to the experimentations of the body: for a philosophy of the ways of life], with Judith Revel et alia, Sapienza Università di Roma, Department of Philosophy.

2008 «Tra Foucault e Marx: soggetto, corpo e politica» [Between Foucault and Marx: subject, body and politics], Stefano Catucci et alia, Sapienza Università di Roma, Department of Philosophy.